HISTORYPoinsettia, also known as the Christmas plant, remains one of the most popular holiday flowers. In 1970 the US Food and Drug Administration published a newsletter stating erroneously that "one poinsettia leaf can kill a child", and in 1980 they were prohibited from nursing homes in a county in North Carolina due to this supposed toxicity. There is a somewhat anomalous population of wild poinsettias in the northern part of the Mexican state of Guerrero and Oaxaca, which is much further inland in the hot and seasonally dry forests than the rest of the species' range. Cultivated varieties are available with white, pink, mottled, and striped bracts, though the solid red varieties remain in greatest demand during the Christmas season. [22], Besides changing the market from mature plants shipped by rail to cuttings sent by air, he sent free plants to television stations for them to display on air from Thanksgiving to Christmas. Poinsettias also bloom in cream, lemon, peach, pink colors and with white and gold-splashed leaves. The poinsettia was described as a new species in 1834 by German scientist Johann Friedrich Klotzsch. It derives its common English name from Joel Roberts Poinsett, the first United States Minister to Mexico, who is credited with introducing the plant to the US in the 1820s. [5] Klotzsch credited Carl Ludwig Willdenow with the species name "pulcherrima", and the authority is given as Willd. Temperature and Humidity. With the introduction of long-lasting cultivars, the popularity of the poinsettia has increased significantly. [14] In 1944, the plant was included in H. R. Arnold's book Poisonous Plants of Hawaii on this premise. It is native to Mexico and Central America. [10], The plant's association with Christmas began in 16th-century Mexico, where legend tells of a girl, commonly called Pepita or María, who was too poor to provide a gift for the celebration of Jesus' birthday and was inspired by an angel to gather weeds from the roadside and place them in front of the church altar. Euphorbia pulcherrima is a shrub or small tree, typically reaching a height of 0.6–4 metres (2–13 ft). Conditions that promote poinsettia propagation also favor certain diseases. When mention is made of poinsettia plants, most people think of the color, red. [17] Crimson blossoms sprouted from the weeds and became poinsettias. Poinsettias are shrubs or small trees, with heights of 0.6–4 m (2.0–13.1 ft). The colored bracts—which are normally flaming red, with cultivars being orange, pale green, cream, pink, white, or marbled—are often mistaken for flower petals because of their groupings and colors, but are actually leaves. 15 Inch Potted Red Poinsettia Plant - Artificial Christmas Poinsettia Plant in Gold Foil Wrap. 99 [25] In Puerto Rico, where poinsettias are grown extensively in greenhouses, the industry is valued at $5 million annually. Poinsettias are of course the essential Christmas Plant, and they have become as much a part of the traditional Christmas as the turkey and the tree! Plant Information. [13], The tropical dry forests where wild poinsettias grow experience largely unregulated deforestation, resulting in habitat loss. These finicky short-day plants require specific growing needs in order to retain their Christmas blooms. The poinsettia (/pɔɪnˈsɛtiə/ or /pɔɪnˈsɛtə/)[1][2] (Euphorbia pulcherrima) is a commercially important plant species of the diverse spurge family (Euphorbiaceae). Poinsettia, well-known member of the spurge family commonly sold as a Christmas ornamental. Cup-shaped tiny yellow flowers bloom in the center of the colorful bracts, adding a decorative appeal. [13], Aztec people use the plant to produce red dye and as an antipyretic medication. It has been hypothesized that the inaccessibility of the canyons may protect the wild populations from human disturbance. Season: Winter, for flowers. It is the first known phytoplasma that has economically advantageous effects. He also appeared on television programs like The Tonight Show and Bob Hope's Christmas specials to promote the plants. His son, Paul Ecke, developed the grafting technique, but it was the third generation of Eckes, Paul Ecke Jr., who was responsible for advancing the association between the plant and Christmas. $24.99 $ 24. Though often stated to be highly toxic, the poinsettia is not dangerous[3] to pets or children. Marketing Information: Bench Card Download a Bench Card. From this point, the plant took the common name of Poinsettia from Joel's surname. The colorful bracts will drop after pollination. [20], Poinsettias are popular Christmas decorations[21] in homes, churches, offices, and elsewhere across North America, as a result of an extensive marketing campaign by the Ecke family that began by shipping free poinsettias to television stations for use on-air. They were cultivated by the Aztecs for use in traditional medicine. FREE Shipping on orders over $25 shipped by Amazon. Another plant that is perfect for lovers of the color pink, this plant has lighter pink petals on the outside and shorter petals that get darker pink towards the center. Selected, introduced & marketed by MNP / Suntory (The Netherlands). Wild poinsettia populations are highly fragmented, as their habitat is experiencing largely unregulated deforestation. Genetic analyses showed that the wild populations in northern Guerrero are the likely ancestors of most cultivated poinsettias. While poinsettias with red bracts remain the most popular, they also come in creamy white, shades of pink and orange, marbled in pink and white, and with pink flecks on red. They also come in pink, white and cream colours. Indigenous to Mexico and Central America, Europeans described it in 1834. POINSETTIA AUTUMN LEAVES - Size: 6 in Pot YELLOW - Qty: 15; POINSETTIA CANDY CINNAMON - Size: 8 in Pot PINK - Qty: 30; POINSETTIA ICE PUNCH - Size: 8 in Pot RED AND WHITE - Qty: 111; POINSETTIA MARBLE - Size: 8 in Pot PINK - Qty: 30; POINSETTIA MAROON - Size: 10 in Pot RED - Qty: 1; POINSETTIA MAROON - Size: 8 in Pot RED - Qty: 11 Choose from contactless Same Day Delivery, Drive Up and more. To keep the poinsettia in bloom as long as possible, maintain a temperature of 65 to 75 F during the day. Poinsettia Pink Plant Click Image for Zoom This image is for reference purpose only, Photo May Slightly Different From Actual Item in Terms of Color Due to the Lighting During Photo … Princettia® looks slightly different than the traditional red Poinsettias; its colourful bracts are smaller, thinner, and more bountiful. They found ways to graft the Poinsettia (a well kept secret until around 25 years ago) to keep it compact and exploited its light requirements to make it bloom out of season. For a slightly warmer, solid hot pink with a thin white sliver along the edges, ‘Luv U Pink’ and ‘Amaris Pink’ are other gorgeous choices. Poinsettia was named after the former US ambassador to Mexico, Dr. Joel R. Poinsett who introduced the Poinsettia to the United States. Population sizes are frequently very small, with as few as a dozen individuals. “Bract color in poinsettia mutates very easily,” Trinklein said. A popular Christmas ornamental, Euphorbia pulcherrima (Poinsettia) is a deciduous to semi-evergreen shrub noted for its showy red, pink, or cream leafy bracts (modified leaves), opening in winter through spring. Article content continued. The "marbled" type is one of the most fascinating. 7. [30], In the late 1980s, university researcher John Dole[31] discovered the method previously known only to the Eckes and published it, allowing competitors to flourish, particularly those using low-cost labor in Latin America. [10] In Chile and Peru, the plant became known as Crown of the Andes. 6. For our larger plants, we are going a bit further afield to Chichester to provide the real whoppers at 90cm tall. This has not been documented in wild poinsettias though, as cultivars seldom flower and do not produce fruits. [10][11] The colors of the bracts are created through photoperiodism, meaning that they require darkness (at least fourteen hours at a time for 6–8 weeks in a row) to change color. Poinsettias like a warm room free from draughts and with a little care will bloom all the way through December and into the new year. Bacterial diseases include bacterial soft rot and bacterial canker, while a viral disease is Poinsettia mosaic virus. External exposure to the plant may result in a skin rash for some. This would be a perfect gift, or look lovely adorning your home. It was introduced to the United States in 1825 by Joel Robert Poinsett, first U. S. ambassador to Mexico who obtained plants from the wilds of southern Mexico. [4], An attempt to determine a poisonous dose of poinsettia to rats failed, even after reaching experimental doses equivalent to consuming 500 leaves, or nearly 1 kg (2.2 lb) of sap. [22], Until the 1990s, the Ecke family, who had moved their operation to Encinitas, California, in 1923, had a virtual monopoly on poinsettias owing to a technique that made their plants much more attractive. (a good watering may not revive them). A number of pointers will help you select the right plant. While considered by the ancient Aztecs to be symbols of purity, in today's language of flowers, red, white or pink poinsettias, the December birth flower, symbolize good cheer and success and are said to bring wishes of mirth and celebration. Shop for pink poinsettias artificial online at Target. Poinsettia: Expert tips on caring for your poinsettia plant and extending its lifespan. [22], Poinsettias are susceptible to several diseases, mostly fungal, but also bacterial and parasitic. As of 2012, wild poinsettias are not protected by Mexican law. The species is indigenous to Mexico. But the "flowers" also come in white, yellow, pink and color combinations. They became associated with the Christmas holiday and are popular seasonal decorations. He became intrigued by the plant and sold them from street stands. A conservation risk typical for species with wild and cultivated populations is the contamination of the wild gene pool by hybridization with cultivated individuals. Many new poinsettia colors are not the result of plant breeding. [3] A survey of more than 20,000 calls to the American Association of Poison Control Centers from 1985–1992 related to poinsettia exposure showed no fatalities. If ingested, mild drooling or vomiting can occur, or rarely, diarrhea. ... poinsettias in warm shades such as apricot, rose, pink or salmon delight homes from as early as October. Wild poinsettias occur from Mexico to Guatemala, growing on mid-elevation, Pacific-facing slopes. [7], Euphorbia pulcherrima is a shrub or small tree, typically reaching a height of 0.6–4 metres (2–13 ft). [4] This misconception was spread by a 1919 urban legend of a two-year-old child dying after consuming a poinsettia leaf. Fast forward 75 years to 1900 and enter the Ecke family who took quite an interest in this plant. Pink Poinsettia As these are plant that we use indoors for the wonderful ornamental foliage over Christmas, you need to make sure that you choose a plant that will look great over the festive season. April: Starting April 1, gradually decrease water, allowing the soil to get dry between waterings. This will stop the poinsettia from turning into the beautiful colors you enjoy. ex Klotzsch. The plant bears dark green dentate leaves that measure 7–16 centimetres (2.8–6.3 in) in length. The Ecke family's business, now led by Paul Ecke III, decided to stop producing plants in the US, but as of 2008, they still served about 70 percent of the domestic market and 50 percent of the worldwide market. Populations can be up to several hundred individuals, but this is not typical. Poinsettia plants come in many sizes and their bracts come in a wide range of shapes. [19] The star-shaped leaf pattern is said to symbolize the Star of Bethlehem, and the red color represents the blood sacrifice of Jesus's crucifixion. Its range is about 2,000 km (1,200 mi) long, encompassing mid-elevation tropical dry forests. Traditionally, red is the favourite poinsettia colour. Christmas Season™ Pink Poinsettia. In 92.4% of calls, there was no effect from exposure, and in 3.4% of calls there were minor effects, defined as "minimally bothersome". 3.3 out of 5 stars 31. Hybridizers have expanded the range of colors from the familiar red to pastel yellow and vibrant bi-colors. Since 1989 MNP / Suntory (renowned ‘Moerheim New Plant‘ and before that ‘Koninklijke Kweekerij Moerheim’ (Royal Nursery Moerheim) is managing the European rights and is master licensee for all Suntory® genetics. The showy portions of the poinsettia, which most people think of as the flower, are actually colorful leaves called bracts. [23][24], The Aztecs were the first to cultivate poinsettias. 'Kingfisher Books' ' 1992's 'The Christmas Collection' notes that an alternative name for the plant is "Fire flowers of the Holy Night". A wilted plant can be revived and salvaged, but it will take another season to improve its appearance. "Bract color in poinsettia mutates very easily," Trinklein said. [8] Possibly as early as 1826, Poinsett began sending poinsettias from Mexico back to his greenhouses in South Carolina. [4] Similarly, a cat or dog's exposure to poinsettias rarely necessitates medical treatment. Christmas Poinsettia Ornament, Glitter Christmas Tree Decoration, Artificial Poinsettia Flower Xmas Holiday Home Decor, Pack of 24, Pink 4.5 out of 5 stars 43 $16.99 $ 16 . Many of these poinsettias are grown by the Ecke family business, which serves half the worldwide market and 70% of the US market. A twist on the traditional red poinsettia these pink and white marbled or plain pink poinsettias make great gifts for the festive season. 99 $27.99 $27.99. January to March: Keep watering the poinsettia whenever the surface is dry. Its natural habitat is thus highly fragmented, particularly near metropolitan areas such as Taxco. [28] The discovery of the role phytoplasmas play in the growth of axillary buds is credited to Ing-Ming Lee of the USDA Agricultural Research Service. [13], Poinsettias are popularly, though incorrectly, said to be toxic to humans and other animals. Of all the pink poinsettia varieties, we love how perfect this sassy, hot pink baby looks paired with a silver tinsel tree for the ultimate mid-century modern Hollywood vibe. [8] Cultivation in the US began when diplomat Joel Roberts Poinsett sent some of the plants back to his greenhouses in South Carolina in the 1820s. Poinsettia care begins with proper light, water, and temperature conditions. Be careful that the stem does not begin to shrivel. Princettia® is a new style of Poinsettia (Christmas Star), with a compact growth habit and strong branching. In rare cases, exposure to the eye may result in eye irritation. Habit: Princettia is a small poinsettia, reaching just 7 to 10 inches tall and forming a rounded mass of leaves and flowers. Poinsettia's botanical name, Euphorbia pulcherrima, means "the most beautiful Euphorbia". I have what was last year a somewhat scrawny poinsettia plant from Home Depot. Most wild populations are on Pacific-facing slopes in steep canyons. Contact Us, Choose a symmetrical plant, well balanced and not leaning to one side, Avoid plants that are drooping or wilting. [13] Each year in the US, approximately 70 million poinsettias are sold in a period of six weeks, at a value of US$250 million. [15] Contact with any part of the plant by children or pets often has no effect, though it may cause nausea, diarrhea, or vomiting if swallowed. Holiday Poinsettia Plant Care. They are grouped within the cyathia (small yellow structures found in the center of each leaf bunch, or false flowers). [9] Prior to poinsettia, it was known as "Mexican flame flower" or "painted leaf". And there are so many fun colors – red, pink, white, cream, variegated, apricot, and more. The Eckes' technique made it possible to get every seedling to branch, resulting in a bushier plant. [26] There are over 100 cultivated varieties of poinsettia that have been patented in the US. Plant Details: Scientific Name: Euphorbia pulcherrima Common Name: Poinsettia Hardiness Degree: 50°F (10.0°C) Blooming Season: Winter Plant … [6], It was known by the common name "poinsettia" as early as 1836,[7] derived from Joel Roberts Poinsett, a botanist and the first US Minister to Mexico. A poinsettia left to grow on its own will naturally take an open, somewhat weedy look. The plant bears dark green dentate leaves that measure 7–16 centimetres (2.8–6.3 in) in length. Dropping the temperature to about 60 F at night will not hurt the plant. Populations were once found in rolling hill areas, though many have gone extinct. The colors of the bracts are created through photoperiodism, meaning that they require darknes… [10] In Nahuatl, the language of the Aztecs, the plant is called Cuetlaxochitl, meaning "flower that grows in residues or soil"[10] Today it is known in Mexico and Guatemala as flor de Nochebuena, meaning Christmas Eve flower. Poinsettia plant, poinsettias (euphorbia pulcherrima) remain one of the most popular holiday flowers. While poinsettias with red bracts remain the most popular, they also come in creamy white, shades of pink and orange, marbled in pink and white, and with pink flecks on red. Sr Item name 1 Poinsettia, Christmas Flower (Pink) - Plant 2 5 inch (13 cm) Grower Round Plastic Pot (Black) The poinsettia is a commercially important plant species of the diverse spurge family. [10] In Spain it is known as Flor de Pascua or Pascua, meaning Easter flower. [12], The flowers of the poinsettia are unassuming and do not attract pollinators. If you're buying a plant that didn't change the colour yet, bear in mind it may take up to eight weeks for the green leaves to turn red. A lovely Hot Pink Pink Princettia - a new form of the traditional Red Poinsettia plant. [7], The poinsettia is the world's most economically important potted plant. Growing Information: Culture Guidelines. [32], Species of flowering plant in the spurge family Euphorbiaceae, American Association of Poison Control Centers, "Beschreibung zweier neuen Euphorbien aus Mexico", "The Poinsettia: History and Transformation", "Poinsettia's wild ancestor in the Mexican dry tropics: Historical, genetic, and environmental evidence", "The Legends and Traditions of Holiday Plants | Horticulture and Home Pest News", "The Legends and Traditions of Holiday Plants", "The poinsettia: Jesus' life story in a plant", "The bloom is off the poinsettia business", "How America's Most Popular Potted Plant Captured Christmas", "First Report of Wilt and Stem Canker of Poinsettia (Euphorbia pulcherrima) Caused by Phytophthora nicotianae in Puerto Rico", "Poinsettias: Helping an Icon to Bloom at the Right Time", "How Poinsettias Became Synonymous With Christmas", Plant Pathology Fact Sheet: Poinsettia Diseases, List of Christmas gift-bringers by country, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Poinsettia&oldid=992882570, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 7 December 2020, at 16:37. They produced a fuller, more compact plant by grafting two varieties of poinsettia together. Infection by poinsettia branch-inducing phytoplasma is actually desirable, as it keeps the plants shorter with more flowers. Exposure to the plant, even consumption, most often results in no effect,[4] though it can cause nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea.[3]. Poinsettia plant (medium) PHP 480. Many new poinsettia colors are not the result of plant breeding. One population in the Mexican state of Guerrero is much further inland, however, and is thought to be the ancestor of most cultivated populations. This is a sign the plant is too stressed and is dying. Every year in the US, approximately 70 million poinsettias of many cultivated varieties are sold in a six-week period. However, with so many new colours now available and with current designer trends, those preferences are changing. How to grow Princettia: These small poinsettias require the same care as any poinsettia. Princettia® is a worldwide registered trademark from Suntory Flowers Ltd. (Japan). [18] From the 17th century, Franciscan friars in Mexico included the plants in their Christmas celebrations. While the poinsettia is blooming – when the bracts are showing their color like red, pink, or white – do not give it fertilizer. Just down the road, Peter Eastwood plants have been growing poinsettias for over 40 years and provide a range of colourful varieties from burgundy, to pink, to white to the traditional red. Skin exposure to the sap may cause itchiness, redness, or swelling. The holotype had been collected in Mexico during an 1803–1804 expedition by Alexander von Humboldt and Aimé Bonpland. [27][10][11], To produce extra axillary buds that are necessary for plants containing multiple flowers, a phytoplasma infection—whose symptoms include the proliferation of axillary buds—is used. [22] In the US, December 12 is National Poinsettia Day, marking the anniversary of Joel Roberts Poinsett's death. Though Arnold later admitted that the story was hearsay and that poinsettias were not proven to be poisonous, the plant was thus thought deadly. Poinsettia plants actually come in more colours than the traditional red, even though that's probably the most popular one for Christmas. [16], The poinsettia occurs in Central America, occurring from Mexico to southern Guatemala. Specific details about its spread from there are largely unverifiable, but it was exhibited at the Pennsylvania Horticultural Society in 1829 by Colonel Robert Carr. The colored bracts—which are normally flaming red, with cultivars being orange, pale green, cream, pink, white, or marbled—are often mistaken for flower petals because of their groupings and colors, but are actually leaves. The poinsettia is a commercially important plant species of the diverse spurge family. Foliage: Dark green, but generally obscured by the numerous flowers and bracts. [29], Albert Ecke emigrated from Germany to Los Angeles in 1900, opening a dairy and orchard in the Eagle Rock area. Fungal diseases affecting greenhouse poinsettia operations include Pythium root rot, Rhizoctonia root and stem rot, black root rot, scab, powdery mildew, and Botrytis blight. In fact, there are more than 100 varieties of poinsettias! After it has stopped flowering, give your poinsettia indoor plant food once a month. Varieties It is particularly well known for its red and green foliage and is widely used in Christmas floral displays. [10] Nothing is known about pollination in wild poinsettias, though wasps are noted to occasionally visit the cyathia. However, with proper care, your holiday poinsettia should continue to put out blooms, or in the least remain attractive for weeks after. The plants also require abundant light during the day for the brightest color. Exposure: Bright indoor light, but not direct sunshine. In addition to the traditional red, bracts can be pink, white, orange, and even purple. The centers have the small yellow flowers that poinsettia-lovers are used to, and the occasional splash of green on some of the petals makes it even more extraordinary to look at. As it keeps the plants shorter with more flowers in pink poinsettia plant sizes and their bracts in. Same day Delivery, Drive Up and more of poinsettias 26 ] there are more 100... Of many cultivated varieties are sold in a six-week period gold-splashed leaves, said to be highly toxic, popularity... Is too stressed and is widely used in Christmas floral displays of Joel Roberts 's... Keeps the plants in their Christmas celebrations Mexico, Dr. Joel R. Poinsett who introduced poinsettia. Flowering, give your poinsettia plant, remains one of the most one... 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