The political outlook of some of these countries is improving, but there is still a lot of work needed to improve … Charles Taylor was accused of being a war-time criminal who committed several atrocities and crimes against humanity, this is due to his involvement in the Sierra Leone Civil War that occurred between 1991 and 2002, Charles Taylor was eventually found guilty at the International criminal court of justice, The Hague in 2012 for all eleven charges ranging from terror, Conscripting or enlisting children under the age of 15 years into armed forces or groups, or using them to participate actively in hostilities, Violence to life, health and physical or mental well-being of persons, in particular cruel treatment and in May of that year, he was sentenced to 50 years in prison. Jose Eduardo Dos Santos, the father of Africa’s richest woman Isabel Dos Santos, is Africa’s second longest-serving head of state, behind Equatorial Guinea’s Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. Omar planned to commit genocide against several ethnic groups such as the Massalit and Zaghawa groups, Omar is regarded by many today as one of the worst dictators of Africa. South Africa is fast approaching this point, with the recent announcement that an amendment to remove the compensation clause from the property rights provision of the Constitution will … Sani Abacha became the head of state of Nigeria in 1993 after he sacked the interim president appointed after the annulment of the 1993 elections. He was brutal and apparently deranged, and he is one of the worst dictators in modern African history. It is estimated that close to 500,000 people were killed by Amin’s regime. Dictatorship in Africa The early 20th century was marked by the development of several dictatorships, Western Europe, Asia, Africa and Latin America. Lows: Kagame’s regime been marked by accusations of human right abuse, oppression of political opponents and the press. He also served as the Chairperson of the African Union from 31 January 2011 to 29 January 2012. Jammeh got re-elected as the 2016 general elections to Adama Barrow, and surprisingly, he conceded defeat. Three things will bring about a dictatorship in Africa: (1) too much trust, (2) too little trust, and (3) neurotic ambition. Omar Al-bashir is a more recent case of dictators. Lows: Hissene Habre’s government carried out a frightening 40,000 politically motivated murders, and there are documented cases of at least 200,000 tortures in Habre’s brutal eight-year rule of Niger. Though not as brutal as some other dictators, he managed to do some of the weirdest crimes out there. Lows: Eyadema is the pioneer of Africa’s first military coup d’etat, an act that soon became the political trend in Africa. Though unconfirmed, rumours emanating from official circles has it that the senior military officer died in sexual bouts with Indian prostitutes. “You can no longer see or identify yourself solely as a member of a tribe, but as a citizen of a nation of one people working toward a common purpose.” Massive hyperinflation has made the local currency of Zimbabwe worthless, the exchange rate of Zimbabwe dollar is 35 quadrillion to US$1. 6. This paper investigates how democracy and dictatorship affect economic growth in Sub-Saharan Africa, and whether the effect from democracy on growth depends on level of state capacity. Lows: The International Criminal Court wants Omar al-Bashir for genocide, war crimes, murder, rape, torture, and other crimes against humanity for his crimes in Darfur. Francisco Nguema was the first President of Equatorial Guinea; he ruled Equatorial Guinea before his nephew in 1979 overthrew him and sentenced to death by Firing squad for genocide and other crimes he committed. Yahya Jammeh took power in a bloodless military coup in 1994. Gaafar Nimeiry came to power in a 1969 coup that put an end to five years of corrupt civilian rule. Bodies were often dumped in to River Nile to be washed away, and most of these victims were supporters of exiled President Obote and members of the Acholi and Lango ethnic groups. Embezzlement, misuse of public funds, suppressing political opponents are some of the sins of one of Africa’s longest-serving dictators. External debt was reduced from $36 billion in 1993 to $27 billion by 1997; inflation rate went down from the 54% he inherited to 8.5% between 1993 and 1998, and global oil price was priced at an average of $15 per barrel.’, Lows: General Sani Abacha’s regime was characterized by massive looting and human right abuses such as the public hanging of political activist Ken Saro-Wiwa and jailing several political opponents. He reiterated that protests are part of tenets of democracy. Paul hails from Cameroon and was born in February 13 1933. Idi Amin fled Uganda in the heat of the Uganda-Tanzania war and went into exile in Libya and then Saudi Arabia where he lived until his death on 16 August 2003. Such programs have been most successful in regards to pro-poor poverty reduction. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. Using Police brutality and criminal activities to suppress the voice of the dissenting citizens is an affront to democracy. Al-Bashir is one of the most brutal dictators in Africa and despite ICC’s warrant against him; he remains the president of Sudan. Let’s face it; African leaders can do better. Highs: Tunisia witnessed stability and economic prosperity under Ben Ali. In December 1990, Idriss Deby and his Patriotic Salvation Movement, an insurgent group, backed by Libya and Sudan sacked the incumbent government, and Déby became the President of Chad. He organized a presidential election in 1998 and canceled “in the interests of national security” when he was losing. Dictatorship in Africa . These 10 dictatorship countries have taken strides in increasing access to education, healthcare and economic growth. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. Lows: Kagame’s regime been marked by accusations of human right abuse, oppression of political opponents and the press. Here are the top five most ruthless African dictators that ever lived. Idi Amin Dada (Uganda: 1971-1979) Amin was conceived either in Koboko or Kampala to a Kakwa father and Lugbara mother. Dictatorship In Africa Corruption In The Third World Dictator is defined by dictionary.com as "a person exercising absolute power, especially a ruler who has absolute, unrestricted control in a government without hereditary succession." Prior to the early 1990s, big-man rule, military juntas and coups were commonplace in Africa. Ever seen that 1981 movie titled “Rise and Fall of Idi Amin” or 1976 “Raid on Entebee”? His defiance and belief that only he possesses the power to ward off threats to the organisation show narcissism and paranoia displayed by dictators, prompting the question: Is South Africa watching the making of its own tyrant? He imposed Islamic sharia law in 1983; this led to a two-decade-long war religious war between the Muslim north and the mainly Christian south. Amin was deposed by Obote forces with the help of Tanzanian forces in 1978, after he attempted to annex the Kagera Region in Tanzania. Gaddafi provided access to free health care, safe houses, food and clean drinking water, free education to university level which led to the dramatic rise in literacy rates. The leaders are holding back the continent because of greed and hunger for staying in power. Paul Biya. “Tyrants, the World’s 20 Worst Living Dictators”, by David Wallechinsky, ranked Biya together with three others mainly in sub-Saharan Africa: Robert Mugabe of Zimbabwe, Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo of Equatorial Guinea, and King Mswati of Swaziland. Banda, one of Africa’s greatest dictator, he led Malawi from 1961 till 1994. Highs: Kagame has led Rwanda towards the path of economic prosperity, his government has been described by the UN and several international leaders as the model of good governance in Africa. He has been in power since 1980 when he was prime minister of Zimbabwe before he consolidated his power to become president on 31st December 1987. Since then, multiparty democracy, regular elections and peaceful transitions have begun to take root … Though he attempted a lot of good, Barre committed a significant amount of human rights violations such as jailing dissidents. He passed away in January 1995, in exile in Lagos Nigeria. Paul Kagame became the President of Rwanda in the year 2000. He was also responsible for 5 billion dollars in stolen funds. Omar Al-Bashir (Sudan: 1989-Present) Sudanese President, Omar al-Bashir has been the leader of Sudan since 1989 when he took power in a military coup. issenting citizens is an affront to democracy. Amin’s eight-year regime was characterized by serious human rights abuses, including extrajudicial killings, torture, ethnic persecution, political repression, and corruption. In the first half of the 20th century, fascist dictatorships appeared in a variety of European countries consistent with the rise of communism, which are distinct from dictatorships in Latin America and postcolonial dictatorships in Africa and Asia. These killings include massacres against Hadjerai, and Zaghawa. Though his worst crimes are wielding his authoritarian power to strip white people of their wealth and property. Lows: General Sani Abacha’s regime was characterized by massive looting and human right abuses such as the public hanging of political activist Ken Saro-Wiwa and jailing several political opponents. President Obiang is one of the oldest and longest-serving dictators in Africa. Toure like many other dictators in Africa, survived several assignation attempts and coups while he was in power, he died of heart failure in 1984. Lows: Toure banned all opposition parties and declared his party the only legal party in the country. Highs: Under Gaddafi, Libya became the first developing country to own a majority share of the revenues from its oil production. He imposed Islamic sharia law in 1983; this led to a two-decade long war religious war between the Muslim north and the mainly Christian south. Lows: Hissene Habre’s government carried out a frightening 40,000 politically motivated murders, and there are documented cases of at least 200,000 tortures in Habre’s brutal eight-year rule of Niger. Lows: The International Criminal Court wants Omar al-Bashir for genocide, war crimes, murder, rape, torture, and other crimes against humanity for his crimes in Darfur. Longest right-wing dictatorship ever (four complete decades). He managed to rule it for three decades from 1958-1984. Eyadema became the president of Togo in 1967 after he led a military coup against the incumbent President, a man he helped bring to power in a bloody military coup. ― Idowu Koyenikan. General Siad Barre’s exit left Somalia without a central authority, and this resulted in a civil war that left the country without a leader for over two decades. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. In his introduction to a special issue ofResearch in African Literatures exploring the question of dictatorship in a series of African literary texts, Josaphat B. Kubayanda notes that the different articles in the collection suggest that ‘there is in the literary discourse of post-independence Africa, a realist strategy that allows readers and … Charles ruled for eight years from 1997-2003. He ruled his nation with impunity. Highs: Sacked the barbaric Chadian dictator Hissene Habre from power. Lows: His reign left Malawi as one of the World’s poorest country. Uncle Roo is the quintessential hero to tyrant, the modern-day messiah that helped bring freedom to Zimbabweans only to get himself power drunk, he has been in power since 1980. Lows: Deby has used oil proceeds and funds that could have been used to develop Chad to purchase weapons and strengthen his Army. The graft and corruption available to autocrats is a strong incentive for them to stay in power. Abacha hails from Nigeria and though he only retained power for a scant five years, he managed to commit a lifetime of crimes in this time period. In Africa, some countries have summers or are still run by men with evocative names like Kaddafi in Libya, and Mobutu in Congo ex Zaire. He is survived through the Guineans who fled the country to avoid the death camps that were enacted under his watch. Out of these, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. Thread starter Retired; Start date May 23, 2017; R. Retired JF-Expert Member. He consolidated power in a 1983–1984 power struggle with his predecessor and he remains a powerhouse in Africa and the president of Cameroon till date. He died of a heart attack in 2005, and his son Faure was named the President of Togo in controversial circumstances. Lows: State-operated radio declared President Obiang “the country’s god” with “all power over men and things,” and thereby he “can decide to kill without anyone calling him to account and without going to hell.” Unlawful killings, government-sanctioned kidnappings; torture of prisoners by security forces, and even accusations of cannibalism has trailed President Obiang’s regime. Museveni have to be on this list 33 years of oppressing we Ugandans, You should look foward to impeach him sir. Lows: Strong allegations of corruption, misuse, and diversion of public funds for personal gain, human rights abuses, and political oppression. His nephew Teodoro Obiang Nguema is still in power to this day. Africa has come a long way, and it continues to overcome setbacks and rewrite its history. A new constitution in 1931 left all significant … Lows: He led oil-rich Libya as an absolute dictator, for close to 42 years, he quashed anyone that opposed him, and was responsible for the death of thousands of his people. The concept of digital dictatorship is especially relevant on a continent where democracy is in its relatively early stages. Lows: During his regime, he granted himself “all direct powers of Government and Institutions.” He ordered the death of entire families and villages; he executed members of his family, One-third of the population fled the country, he ordered every boat in the nation sold or destroyed and banned all citizens from the shoreline to prevent more people from escaping his terror. Lows: His reign left Malawi as one of the World’s poorest country. Gaddafi provided access to free healthcare, safe houses, food and clean drinking water, free education to university level which led to the dramatic rise in literacy rates. Paul Biya has been the President of Cameroon since 6 November 1982. It is believed that his family still holds a significant amount of these ill-gotten gains. Highs: He was fought against colonialism and led of Nyasaland (now Malawi) to independence as Malawi in 1964. Siad Barre Quotes: Exiled Absolute Leader of Somalia. Attachments. The term dictatorship comes from the Latin title dictator, which in the Roman Republic designated a temporary magistrate who was granted extraordinary powers in order to deal with … The era of the First Republic has been described as one of "continual anarchy, government corruption, rioting and pillage, assassinations, arbitrary imprisonment and religious persecution". Post navigation. During his early years, he successfully created model agricultural factories that boosted the country’s economy. He remains one of the most brutal dictators in Africa till date. Hissene Habre is one of dictators that didn’t do too much, but still is a bad dictator. Of the three causes, the third presents the least problem. Idi Amin was a polygamist with at least five wives and 43 children. These cookies do not store any personal information. Bakili Muluzi, his former political protégé, became president in 1994, after the general elections Banda had earlier postponed was conducted in 1994. ... 1 An oligarchy, junta, or clique would, by definition, negate the personal element of dictatorship as here defined. In Africa there have been cases of unconstitutional seizures of power, or leaders have stayed in office despite a lack of electoral support, there has been at best some form of SADC mediation, but not the threat of military intervention. Al-Bashir is one of the most brutal dictators in Africa and despite ICC’s warrant against him; he remains the president of Sudan. Paul hails from Cameroon and was born on February 13, 1933. Idi Amin Dada was a wicked Ugandan dictator. The first nuclear reactor in SA is put into operation. Forbes named Chad the world’s most corrupt nations in 2006. He was accused of several cases of human right abuse and extrajudicial killings. 70% of the population of Angola, lives on less than $2 a day and yet the Dos Santos family have amassed a massive sum of personal wealth with Angola’s oil proceeds. Gaafar Nimeiry came to power in a 1969 coup that put an end to five years of corrupt civilian rule. Bakili Muluzi, his former political protégé, became president in 1994, after the general elections Banda had earlier postponed was conducted in 1994. Robert Gabriel Mugabe is the current President of Zimbabwe and one of the oldest dictators in Africa. Gnassingbé Eyadema remains one of Africa’s longest-serving dictator. Bad government caused by the ignorance of democracy has left Africa tottering on the edge of instability for decades. The regime of most of these African dictators was marked by horror, terror, chaos, and bloodshed. … Omar al-Bashir is the recently deposed Sudanese leader who was in power from 1989 until this year. He was accused of several cases of human right abuse and extrajudicial killings. Idi Amin Dada, Uganda’s brutal dictator of the 70s. Highs: Equatorial Guinea’s has emerged as a significant oil producer under Obiang. Idi Amin fled Uganda in the heat of the Uganda-Tanzania war and went into exile in Libya and then Saudi Arabia where he lived until his death on 16 August 2003. President Zuma failed short of condemning Lungu and Mugabe for their brutality and violence against their citizens. Following colonialism, dictatorship continued in many parts of Africa. Lows: Strong allegations of corruption, misuse, and diversion of public funds for personal gain, human rights abuses, and political oppression. Genetics lab C.elegan worms. Paul Biya’s regime has also overseen one of the strongest diplomatic relations in Africa. Charles Taylor once described as the “tyrant of death” was the President of Liberia from August 1997 until 2003 when international pressure forced him to resign and go into exile in Nigeria. He declared his government to be above the law and he essentially did whatever he wanted. Highs: Abacha’s regime was a massive economic success for Nigeria. The exact details of the dictator’s death in the presidential palace in 1998 remains unclear, but it was met by wide celebration and soon after Nigeria returned to a democratic path. Lows: His indiscriminate borrowing left the Sudanese economy in ruins, the Sudanese currency lost almost 90% of its value against the major international currencies. 16 Reasons Why You Should Visit South Africa For The Holidays, 7 Awesome things to do in Tofo, Mozambique, Facts about Thomas Sankara in Burkina Faso, 5 highest paid African football players in 2020, 19 Most Popular Africa Facts – November 2015, Richest Person In Kenya And Top 10 Wealthy Kenyans, Turkey is to completely erase all Somalia’s debts to the IMF, 10 trending Kaftan outfit ideas for grooms-to-be, 10 of Africa’s most amazing Tourist places you must visit, The 10 Best Africans In The English Premier League, Botswana police ranked Africa’s best, Nigeria at bottom of global report, Isabel dos Santos only African on Forbes 2017 ‘100 most powerful women’. The exact details of the dictator’s death in the presidential palace in 1998 remains unclear, but it was met by wide celebration and soon after Nigeria returned to a democratic path. Tunisia for 23 years before stepping down in January 2011, he finally left Gambia in exile to Equatorial Guinea, slit the throats of any homosexual in Gambia, Top 20 list of “The World’s Worst Dictators, step down and end his dictatorship over Angola, third-largest economy in sub-Saharan Africa, met his end during the Libyan revolution in 2011, seized power in the military coup in January 1971, 50 Top Universities in Africa and their Notable Alumni, The Richest Black Women in the World (Nigerian, American & Angolan), President Till Date: 10 Longest Serving African Presidents. Many countries in Africa have not had free and fair elections; And Zimbabwe is the most obvious example where the Dictator has no plans on changing anything for the time as he personally enjoys every single minute of power. Some of these dictators were notorious leaders, and some have led their country towards economic prosperity while others started on the right path and lost their way. He was accused of several cases of human right abuses. Macias Nguema trusted no one, he spent most of his time in his ancestral village of Mongomo, where he kept the national treasury right under his bed or in suitcases in his hut, but on the 18th of August in 1979, he met his end by his own nephew who sentenced him to death. Years in power: 28 years + Politics was always in Biya’s blood, and he has managed to be president for several terms, he has been the President of Cameroon since 6 November 1982. May 23, 2017 #1 An article to read if you have time! Foreign exchange reserves rose from $494 million in 1993 to $9.6 billion by the middle of 1997. Habre fled to Senegal when Deby’s Libya backed insurgents marched into the capital, N’Djaména. One in three children under five died of starvation, he regularly tortured and murdered political opponents. Toure was another typical case of someone that was initially seen as the ‘Guinean Messiah’, but later became a pain to his people. He contested in the 2000 Sudanese elections; he got just 7% of the votes. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. It described Deby’s decision to buy weapons with the funds supposedly intended to counter famine as “what may turn out to be the single most piggish use of philanthropic funds.”. Dictatorship, form of government in which one person or a small group possesses absolute power without effective constitutional limitations. Omar has been charged with seven crimes against humanity. There are several causes for … Having spent 38 years in power, Eyedema’s dictatorship paved way for other African nations to follow his dictatorial footprints. However, many human rights groups hold Habre responsible for killing thousands of people. Lows: Charles Taylor is currently serving a 50-year sentence for his involvement in what the judge described as “some of the most heinous and brutal crimes recorded in human history.” He was found guilty of the following charges: Acts of terrorism, Unlawful killings, Murder, Violence to life, health and physical or mental well-being of persons, The first of many is Charles Taylor. Use the H-augmented Solow model to determine the a) Is this question part of your Assignment? External debt was reduced from $36 billion in 1993 to $27 billion by 1997; inflation rate went down from the 54% he inherited to 8.5% between 1993 and 1998, and global oil price was priced at an average of $15 per barrel.’. Dictatorship in Africa. He led Tunisia for 23 years before stepping down in January 2011 due to a massive protests demanding his exit. His rise to power was from Libya invading Chad. Lows: His indiscriminate borrowing left the Sudanese economy in ruins, the Sudanese currency lost almost 90% of its value against the major international currencies. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. It was also reported that he ordered execution of entire families and villages, during the time of his reign, the country had neither a development plan nor proper accounting system for government funds. Lows: Strong human rights abuses have marked Yahya Jammeh’s regime, he also claims to have a cure for HIV Aids and his hate for homosexuality is well documented, recently, he threatened to slit the throats of any homosexual in Gambia. 1. Ben Ali, he assumed the Presidency in a bloodless coup, a month after he was appointed the prime minister. He died in may, 2009 at the age 79. File size 520.3 KB Jul 22, 2016 25,185 2,000. Sudanese President, Omar al-Bashir has been the leader of Sudan since 1989 when he took power in a military coup. but in the meantime  South Africa President Jacob Zuma took time to explain the meaning of democracy to African dictators which included Edgar Lungu and Robert Mugabe at the Economic Forum in Durban, South Africa. Most recently, in April, Algeria's Abdelaziz Bouteflika and Sudan's Omar Hassan al-Bashir were forced to step down. Lows: General Siad Barre’s regime, like many dictators in Africa, was marked by human right abuses, The UN Development program asserts “the regime of Siad Barre had one of the worst human rights records in Africa.”. Yet to the contrary, a high amount of evidence and examples of ‘dictatorship of the majority’ can be drawn from most of the African nations, including, but not limited to, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Botswana, Kenya, South Africa, Democratic Republic of Congo, Cameroon, Angola, Equatorial Guinea, and Malawi. In December 1990, Idriss Deby and his Patriotic Salvation Movement, an insurgent group, backed by Libya and Sudan sacked the incumbent government, and Déby became the President of Chad. Gnassingbé Eyadema remains one of Africa’s longest-serving dictator. He showed no mercy to anyone. 70% of the population of Angola, lives on less than $2 a day and yet the Dos Santos family have amassed a massive sum of personal wealth with Angola’s oil proceeds. The main examples of fascist dictatorship include: The Nazi Germany of Adolf Hitler. He remains one of the most brutal dictators in Africa till date. And there have been a number of other cases of instability where a SADC force might well have played a role in bringing about legitimate governance, including Madagascar and Zimbabwe. 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